Caral archaeological site is located in the Valley of Supe, on the
province of Barranca, Main Region Lima. At 182 kilometres North of Lima City. Plus 23 kms. East of
the Pan American Highway. The citadel is located on an aluvionic plateau, at the left bank of the
Supe River which altitude is above sea level: 350 meters.
This First civilization of Peru and America was established between 3,000 to 2,500 B.C. which
covers an extension of 66 hectares in which there are 2 zones distinguished. One main central
nucleus and another peripheral around. The first zone shows monumental architectonic structures.
Four kinds of residential different buildings, residential unties of elites, 2 circular plazas in
different inferior levels, as well as massive meeting places. Meanwhile the peripheral external zones show as living quarters up domestic use inities, distributed
in a way of islands as for living houses quarters.
In the building of the main sector they used stone walls bounded with clay. In some secondary sections,
the walls are made of some organic material, stuccoed with fine clay and painted red,white or yellow.
Here you can observe a massive use of "shicras" (Vegetal fibre fabricated sacks). Other areas were
built up with walls of artificially rounded stones, linked with clay and again...painted white, red
and yellow, according to different periods of this place. The technological advance reached in
agricultural and fishing systems have been the most important, showing this in the importance
of the cotton work, which permitted the manufacture of clothing and fishing nets for massive fishing,
generating in this was an specialization in each of these activities, stimulating the development
of and economy of inter trading between the cities and the groups of farmers and fishermen groups.
In this way there took place the accumulation of production, including the farming and sharing of work.
Signifying a base of development of a more complex mankind societies previously had known in this region.
The benefits derived of this social production were distributed in an uneven way, thus generating the establishment
of social stratus of different hierarchies. The premature development of the people of Caral turned this civilization
in the most ancient of America, that achieved an advance without any presence so far known, all of this
in absolute isolation. Different from other ancient civilization focuses like Mesopotamia, Egypt, India
which interchanged knowledge and experience in between them.
The conclusion is that the site shows forms of social and political organization of the settlements and they
were transcendental in time and space furthermore were the base of the political states of the Central Andes.
Day 1 - Lima - Caral - Lima
You will be met and transferred by private car to the latest location of Peruvian archaeological studies, oldest and
maybe the most important of the Americas. Established between 3,000 to 2,500 B.C. Caral was recently "unearthed"
and brought to the worlds attention. First we will visit the monumental architectonic structures.
Four kinds of different residential buildings, residential unties of elites, 2 circular plazas in
different inferior levels, as well as massive meeting places. Latercontinue to the peripheral external
zones show as living quarters up domestic use inities, distributed in a way of islands as for living houses quarters.
Afterwards return to Lima and the hotel of choice.
|Tours & Services Available
|Caral "The Oldest Settlement of the Americas"
Private transfer to & from Caral, tours with english speaking guide.
( International or local air in Peru not Included unless otherwise noted.)
( Round trip program from Lima takes approx. 10 hours )